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But just how can you create a system Which Has a decentralized ledger How do you give someone the ability to update the ledger without giving them too much powerin case they become corrupt or negligent in their job
Well, Bitcoins rulesalso known as the Bitcoin protocolsolves that in a very creative manner I love to phone Who Wants to Be a Banker
In a nutshell, anyone who wants to participate in updating the ledger of Bitcoin transactions, known as the blockchain, can do this. Whatever you need is to suppose a random number that solves an equation generated by the system. Sounds simple, right
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Of course, this guessing is all done by your computer. The more powerful your computer is, the more guesses you can make in a second, increasing your chances of winning this match. If you manage to figure correctly, you earn bitcoins and get to write the next page of Bitcoin transactions on the blockchain. .
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1. Once your mining computer comes up with the right suspect, your mining program determines which of these current pending transactions will be grouped together into the next block of transactions. Compiling this block represents your moment of glory, as youve now become a temporary banker of Bitcoin who has to update the Bitcoin transaction ledger known as the blockchain. .
2. The block youve generated, along with your solution, is sent to the whole network so other computers can affirm it. Its a bit much like a Rubiks cube: The solution is very hard to attain but very easy to validate.
3. Every computer that validates your solution upgrades its copy of the Bitcoin transaction ledger with the transactions that you chose to include in the cube.
4. The system generates a fixed amount of bitcoins (currently 12.5) and benefits them to you as compensation for time and energy you spent solving the math issue.
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5. Additionally, you get paid any transaction fees that were attached to the transactions you inserted into the next block.
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6. Each of the transactions in the cube youve just entered are now confirmed from the Bitcoin network and therefore are virtually irreversible.
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Therefore thats Bitcoin mining in a nutshell. Its called mining due to the fact that this procedure helps mine new Bitcoins from the computer system. But if you think about it, the mining part is just a by-product of this transaction confirmation procedure. Therefore the name is somewhat misleading, since the main goal of mining would be to maintain the ledger in a decentralized manner. .
As you can imagine, since mining is based on a form of guessing, for every block, a different miner will suppose the number and be granted the right to update the blockchain. Obviously, that the miners with more computing power will succeed more often, but due to the regulation of statistical probability, its highly unlikely that the same miner will succeed every time. .
Now you know what Bitcoin mining is, you might be thinking, Cool! Free money! Where do I sign up Well, not so fast
Satoshi Nakamoto, who invented Bitcoin, crafted the principles for mining in a way that the more mining power the network has, the harder it is to imagine the answer to the mining mathematics issue. Therefore that the difficulty of the mining method is actually self-adjusting to the accumulated mining capability the network possesses. .
If more miners join, it will get more difficult to solve the issue; when many of them fall off, it is going to get easier. This is known as mining issue.
Now, rememberthis is on average. We can have two blocks being added minute after minute and then wait an hour for the next block. In the long run, this may even out to ten minutes on average.
As you can you could try here imagine, this kind of self-adjusting mechanism has created a type of arms race to acquire the most efficient and powerful miners as soon as possible.
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When Bitcoin first started out, there werent a lot of miners out there. In reality, Satoshi, the inventor of Bitcoin, and his friend Hal Finney were a few the only people mining Bitcoin back in the time with their own personal computers.
Using your CPU (central processing unityour computers brain and an integrated component in any computer) was enough for mining Bitcoin back in 2009, since mining difficulty was low. Since Bitcoin started to catch on, folks looked for more powerful mining solutions.