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However, how can you create a system Which Has a decentralized ledger How do you give someone the ability to upgrade the ledger without giving them a lot of powerin case they become corrupt or negligent in their work
Well, Bitcoins rulesalso known as the Bitcoin protocolsolves this in a Really creative manner I love to call Who Wants to Be a Banker
In a nutshell, anyone who wants to take part in updating the ledger of Bitcoin transactions, known as the blockchain, can do this. All you need is to suppose a random number that solves an equation generated by the system. Sounds simple, right
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Obviously, this guessing is done by your PC. The stronger your computer is, the more guesses you can create in one second, increasing your chances of winning this match. If you manage to figure right, you earn bitcoins and get to write the next page of Bitcoin transactions on the blockchain. .
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1. Once your mining pc comes up with the ideal guess, your mining system determines which of the current pending transactions will be grouped together into the next block of transactions. Compiling this block represents the moment of glory, as youve now develop into a temporary banker of Bitcoin who gets to upgrade the Bitcoin transaction ledger known as the blockchain. .
2. The block youve generated, along with the solution, is sent to the entire network so other computers can validate it. Its somewhat much like some Rubiks cube: The solution is quite hard to attain but quite easy to validate.
3. Each computer that validates your solution upgrades its copy of the Bitcoin transaction ledger together with the transactions that you chose to include in the cube.
4. The machine generates a fixed amount of bitcoins (currently 12.5) and benefits them as compensation for time and energy you spent solving the math problem.
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5. Additionally, you get paid any transaction fees that were attached to the transactions you inserted into the next block.
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6. Each of the transactions in the block youve just entered are now confirmed by the Bitcoin network and are virtually irreversible.
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So thats Bitcoin mining in a nutshell. Its called mining because of the fact that this process helps mine new Bitcoins from the system. But if you think about it, the mining component is merely a by-product of this transaction confirmation process. Therefore the name is a bit misleading, since the main objective of mining is to maintain the ledger in a decentralized manner. .
As you can imagine, since mining is based on a type of guessing, for every block, a different miner will suppose the number and be granted the right to update the blockchain. Of course, the miners with computing power will succeed more often, but on account of the law of statistical probability, its highly unlikely that the exact same miner will succeed each time. .
Now you know what Bitcoin mining is, you might be thinking, Cool! Free money! Where do I sign up Well, not so fast
Satoshi Nakamoto, who invented Bitcoin, crafted the principles for mining in a way that the more mining energy the network has, the harder it is to guess the answer to the mining math issue. Therefore the difficulty of this mining method is really self-adjusting into the accumulated mining power the network possesses. .
If more miners join, it is going to get harder to solve the issue; when many of them fall off, it will get easier. This is known as mining issue.
Now, remember, this is on average. We can have two blocks being added minute after minute and then wait an hour link to the next block. In the long run, this will even out to ten minutes on average.
As you can imagine, this type of self-adjusting mechanism has made a type of arms race to acquire the most efficient and strong miners as soon as possible.
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When Bitcoin first started out, there werent a lot of miners out there. In reality, Satoshi, the inventor of Bitcoin, and his friend Hal Finney were a couple of the only individuals mining Bitcoin back in the time with their own personal computers.
Using your CPU (central processing unityour computers brain and an integrated component in any computer) was enough for mining Bitcoin back in 2009, since mining difficulty was reduced. As Bitcoin started to catch on, people looked for more powerful mining solutions.