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However, just how do you create a system Which Has a decentralized ledger How do you give someone the ability to upgrade the ledger without giving them a lot of powerin case they become corrupt or negligent in their job
Well, Bitcoins rulesalso known as the Bitcoin protocolsolves that in a Really creative way I like to phone Who Wants to Be a Banker
In a nutshell, anyone who wants to take part in updating the ledger of all Bitcoin transactions, known as the blockchain, can do so. All you need is to guess a random number that solves an equation generated by the computer system. Sounds simple, right
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Obviously, this guessing is all done by your computer. The stronger your computer is, the more guesses you can make in one second, increasing your chances of winning this game. If you manage to figure right, you earn bitcoins and have to write the next page of Bitcoin transactions on the blockchain. .
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1. Once your mining computer comes up with the right suspect, your mining program determines which of these current pending transactions will be grouped together into the next block of transactions. Compiling this cube represents your moment of glory, as youve now become a temporary banker of Bitcoin who gets to update the Bitcoin transaction ledger known as the blockchain. .
2. The block youve generated, along with your solution, is sent to the entire network so other computers can affirm it. Its somewhat much like a Rubiks cube: The solution is quite hard to attain but quite easy to validate.
3. Every computer that validates your solution upgrades its copy of the Bitcoin transaction ledger with the transactions that you opted to include in the cube.
4. The system generates a predetermined amount of bitcoins (currently 12.5) and rewards them as compensation for the time and energy you spent solving the math problem.
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5. Additionally, you get paid any transaction fees that were attached to the transactions you inserted into the next block.
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6. All the transactions in the block youve only entered are now confirmed by the Bitcoin network and therefore are virtually irreversible.
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Therefore thats Bitcoin mining in a nutshell. Its called mining because of the fact that this process helps mine new Bitcoins from the computer system. But if you think about it, the mining component is just a by-product of the transaction confirmation process. Therefore that the name is somewhat misleading, since the main goal of mining is to maintain the ledger in a decentralized manner. .
As you can imagine, since mining is based on a form of guessing, for each block, a different miner will suppose the number and be granted the right to update the blockchain. Obviously, that the miners with computing power will succeed more often, but on account of the regulation of statistical probability, its highly unlikely that the same miner will succeed every time. .
Now that you know what Bitcoin mining is, you might be thinking, Cool! Free money! Where do I sign up Well, not so fast
Satoshi Nakamoto, who invented Bitcoin, crafted the principles for mining in a way that the more mining power the network gets, the harder it is to guess the answer to the mining math issue. Therefore the difficulty of the mining process is really self-adjusting into the gathered mining power the network owns. .
If more miners join, it is going to get more difficult to solve the issue; when many of them drop off, it will get easier. This is known as mining difficulty.
Now, rememberthis is on average. We can have two cubes being inserted minute after minute and then wait an hour for the next block. In the long run, this may even out to ten minutes on average.
As you can imagine, this kind of self-adjusting mechanism has created a sort of arms race to get the most efficient and strong miners as soon as possible.
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When Bitcoin first started out, a knockout post there werent a great deal of miners on the market. In reality, Satoshi, the inventor of Bitcoin, and also his friend Hal Finney were a few the only individuals mining Bitcoin back at the time with their own personal computers.
Using your CPU (central processing unityour computers brain and an integrated component in any computer) was enough for mining Bitcoin back in 2009, since mining difficulty was low. Since Bitcoin began to catch on, people looked for more potent mining solutions.